1. How long does a project typically take?
I am often asked to ‘quickly’ complete a project in a week. In practice it just isn't that simple. It is important to make clear agreements and feedback will need to be given on the illustrations, which all takes time. I am also often already working on a project, so I can't immediately turn my attention 100% to your project, however interesting it may be! That's why a project can easily take at least a few weeks. Urgent projects (see question 3) are possible but cost extra.
 
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2. Why are illustrations so expensive?
Illustrators are freelancers and have to pay themselves for many of the items employees get included in their package, such as savings in case of sickness, work incapacity, retirement fund, maternity leave, etc. That's why the hourly rate is higher compared to an employee. But in the long run they are much cheaper than in regular employment when hired by a company.

There are creatives on the illustration market working at cut-throat prices. These are people who illustrate (in addition to their day job) as a hobby and are not financially dependent on it. Sadly for the client they often offer lower quality illustrations, project planning and delivery times than professional illustrators. It is up to you whom you choose to trust with your project.

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3. I have an urgent project, what now?
Sometimes you need illustrations fast, something that would never normally be ready on time within standard working hours. It is possible to complete an urgent project in an accelerated process. This will cost extra as I then have to work additional hours in the evenings/weekend/national holidays to meet the deadline.
 

Before the start of a project it is determined whether it is an urgent project based on the available information. You never have to pay unexpected additional costs for extra hours during a project. Clear communication is particularly important to ensure everything runs smoothly with an urgent project. If you are unsure whether your project is urgent, please contact me. I work pretty fast, so you never know, it may fall within the framework of my normal planning.

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4. I have a very big project (six months or more)
When a project is very big a standard proposal (with agreements for the entire project) isn't suitable. I then use the ‘milestone' method. Agreements are made on a mutual basis for each phase of the project. On completion of one phase, agreements are made about the next phase. This method ensures minimal risk for both parties. The project can easily be cancelled if necessary and it is easier to estimate the time needed. The deadlines for the interim phases can be realistically set and the total price can be calculated. If necessary I can provide a rough price indication for all phases, so you have a general overview of costs to determine if it matches the budget.

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5. Can I end a project?
If, for whatever reason, you decide to stop during a project that is possible. You are then obliged to pay for the costs of work to date. For an illustration you pay less for a sketch or illustration in the development phase than for final illustration work.

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6. What if we see during the project that the agreements made don't work?
Sometimes agreements in the proposal don't work in practice. For example: the photos you provided as the basis for sports illustrations turn out to be too blurred for use. Or a story gets the wrong tone as a result of the characteristics chosen. What now? At such a moment we make new agreements. Once you have signed them off the project continues under the new agreements.

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7. I would like to see free, tailored samples for my project. Is that possible?
Yes, that's possible. If my rates are in line with your budget I can offer you one illustration in the development phase without obligation (phase 2 of a 3 phase project to final illustration).

The delivery of the first illustration to development phase is without obligation (phase 2 of a 3 phase project to final illustration). This is the quality guarantee. Satisfied? Then the project continues according to the agreed price. Not happy? Then it will cost you nothing. You run no risk and still get a good impression of what your final illustration will look. 

* until development phase 

Would you like more tailored sample work made in addition to the first illustration? For illustrations that are not (yet) going to be published I ask a straight production rate without basic license. This way the total cost can work out lower. As well as a final illustration you can also opt for a sketch or half finalised illustration, charged at 1/3 and 2/3 of the straight production price. View the different phases here

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8. Can you buy all the rights as a client?
No, you have the copyright, the right to name yourself author of the work. This counts for both illustrations and texts. It is a right that in principle is not sold. Rights that permit changes to the work by the client or that impact the artistic value in any other way are also very rarely sold. For illustrations an example would be changing the colour, simplifying the drawing or making additions.

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9. What's copyright? Is this always included in illustrations and texts or does it have to be specified?
When a creative work is made copyright automatically applies, which in principle belongs to the illustrator and/or author. Copyright determines who can publish and copy the work and protects the illustrator/author against defacement of his/her work. The copyright can be transferred but in practice this rarely happens. When a freelance illustrator makes a commissioned illustration, specific agreements are made with the client concerning use of the illustration, for example in a specific medium such as a book and with a specific circulation. The illustration itself is NOT sold, only the rights to use the illustration within specific limits.

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